Cardiothoracic Surgery

Cardiothoracic Surgery

The Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery takes pride in a tradition of excellence in clinical care and education which has brought it among the top academic cardiac and thoracic surgery programmes in the region. The section strives to improve patient health through continuous scientific innovations, high-quality operative care and exemplary surgical education. The Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery manages the complete spectrum of surgical diseases by providing and their cure or palliation, as appropriate.

Areas of expertise

  • Adult cardiac surgery
  • Congenital/paediatric cardiac surgery
  • General thoracic surgery
  • Vascular surgery and thoracic trauma surgery
  • Cardiovascular and thoracic research section

Some of the procedures we offer

  • Revascularization of low ejection fraction
  • Revascularization in the elderly  >70 years
  • Total arterial revascularization
  • Bloodless cardiac surgery
  • Beating heart surgery
  • Redo heart surgery
  • Surgery for advanced thoracic tumours
  • Surgery for infective diseases of heart and lung
  • Cardiothoracic/ vascular trauma
  • Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS)

State-of-the-Art procedures
Surgery for acute myocardial infarction, its mechanical complications and cardiogenic shock.

Congenital and pediatric cardiac surgery-including corrective neonatal and infant surgery in low birth weight as well.

Aortic root surgery including Ross procedure Lung resection and mediastinal dissection with Video Assisted Thoracoscopic Surgery (VATS)

Congenital lung resections and insertion of infant permanent pacemakers.

The Section of Cardiothoracic Surgery encompasses adult and paediatric cardiothoracic surgery.  It has a highly organized, structured training programme. Cardiothoracic surgeons at Aga Khan University Hospital are experienced in performing some of the most challenging and complex heart and lung operations. We hope to instill in our surgeons the essential elements of success for a career in cardiothoracic surgery. These include but are not limited to development of personal and professional attributes such as honesty and integrity, objectivity, self- motivation, curiosity, punctuality and a sense of responsibility, apart from clinical and operative skills, and knowledge.

Cardiac perfusion programme is a 24 months training programme in cardiac surgery offered by Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi. It was started in 2008 under the patronage of Dr Hasanat Sharif. It is a specialized surgical field mainly involving cardiopulmonary bypass techniques during the open heart surgeries.

Many academic and co-curricular activities of educational importance were done during this course. Instructional classes, tutorials, class demonstrations, clinical rotational, skills check, cardiac workshops, BLS certification and managerial training were reinforced, well organized and implemented. Upon completion, students are awarded Certified Cardio-vascular Perfusion (CCP) Certificate.  

Historical Milestones
Aga Khan University Hospital has a history of excellence in all aspects of cardiothoracic surgery including a series of pioneering “First” open heart surgery in the nationwide.

The Section of Cardiothoracic surgery was established in 1990 at Aga Khan University Hospital.  Initially only thoracic and closed heart surgeries were performed..

Dr. Sohaila Mohsin Ali was the first cardiothoracic surgeon and initiated the open heart surgery programme in November, 1994.

Dr. Suleman Hasan started Paediatric open heart surgery in 1998.

Dr Shahid Sami was appointed in 1998 and introduced thoracic aortic surgery at AKU. (Vice President, Pakistan Society of CVTS)

Dr Saulat Fatimi joined the section in 1999 and created a niche in minimally invasive thoracic surgery (VATS).

Dr Hasnat Sharif joined the section 2000 and expanded the frontiers of emergency cardiac surgical interventions.

Dr Muneer Amanullah joined the section in 2006 and formally established the congenital/ paediatric cardiothoracic surgery programme.   

Currently the section of cardiothoracic surgery has 5 full time and one part time surgeon. There are two dedicated Cardiac operating rooms and a ten bedded Cardiac intensive care unit in addition to two cardiac step down units. Post-operative cardiac surgical care is complimented by an active rehabilitation programme. ​