The treatment for acute myeloid leukemia is determined based on your age, overall health, extent of the disease as well as the type of acute myeloid leukemia you have been diagnosed with. Normally, the treatment falls into two stages: Stage one in which the leukemia cells in your blood and bone marrow are killed; and stage two in which further treatment eliminates any remaining cancer cells as well as prevents a relapse. Common treatments for acute myeloid leukemia are:
Chemotherapy – this describes the use of anti-cancer drugs which are either taken orally or injected directly into your bloodstream, to destroy or control cancer cells. The drug is able to travel along your bloodstream to nearly all the areas of your body.
Radiation therapy – this form of treatment used powerful energy sources, such as X-rays, in order to eliminate cancer cells.
Stem cell transplant – where abnormal cells in your bone marrow are replaced with healthy cell to restore the cycle of healthy blood cells development. This is done after initially killing existing cancerous cells using chemotherapy or radiation therapy.