​Bladder Dysfunction


Bladder dysfunction is the result of uncontrolled activity in the muscles responsible for retaining/emptying the bladder. This leads to uncontrolled bowel movement and uncontrolled urination.  

Bladder dysfunction is usually caused by problems in the nervous system or the muscles controlling the bladder and bowel movement. The signals sent by the brain to relax or contract bladder muscles could cease to appropriately reach the muscles, or the muscles could develop a condition preventing them from actuating the signals.

Bladder dysfunction has a relatively large prevalence in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).

The symptoms for bladder dysfunction include

Bladder dysfunction can have a serious impact on your daily life. Getting an accurate diagnosis is crucial for a successful treatment. The physicians from the Kidney and Bladder Service Line at the Aga Khan University Hospital are highly experienced in treating patients with bladder dysfunction.

Yes, there is a natural tendency to feel embarrassed about discussing your symptoms with a physician, but you can trust our medical specialists completely as they are used to dealing with such issues and are adept at helping you handle the problem both emotionally and physically.

Your time with your doctor maybe limited, so make sure to prepare for your visit beforehand. Here are some tips to help get you started.

Tests for bladder dysfunction are aimed at looking for neurological or muscular abnormalities, bladder injuries and urinary tract infections. They may include imaging tests involving:

  • renal intravenous pyelogram and ultrasound

  • blood tests involving blood analysis

  • urinalysis for determining infection in the urine

  • pressure and flow tests for determining the steadiness of your urine stream

Your doctor working with the Kidney and Bladder Service Line at the Aga Khan University Hospital will explain the relevance of each test in detail and address any concerns you may have about any of the procedures.

Usually, change in diet plans, training programs and specific exercises are sufficient for bladder treatment. In case your bladder dysfunction is due to an infection in the urinary tract, medications might be suggested for treatment.

If you have a neurogenic bladder where the bladder muscle control has been lost, you might be prescribed muscle relaxants. If these prove insufficient and the situation grows more serious, electrical stimulation or even surgery might be required.

The Aga Khan University Hospital offers various support services to help with managing or recovering from the disease or condition. These include but are not limited to nutrition, physiotherapy, rehabilitation, specialized clinics and some patient support groups. Your doctor or nurse will advise you accordingly.

The Aga Khan University Hospital offers financial assistance to those who are in need and fulfil the eligibility criteria. For further information, you can contact the Patient Welfare Department. You can find the contact number of the Patient Welfare Department in the ‘Important Numbers’ section on the website homepage.

The financial counselling staff is available during office hours, at the main PBSD (Patient Business Services Department), to answer your financial queries on treatments’ costs and authorize admissions on partial deposit as per hospital policies allow. The financial counsellor in the emergency room is open 24/7. You can find the contact number of the Patient Business Services in the ‘Important Numbers’ section on the website homepage.

Your doctor and or nurse will give you specific instructions about the prescribed medication. Please ensure that you take or use the prescribed medicine as advised. It can be dangerous to your health if you self-prescribe. Please inform the doctor or nurse beforehand if you have experienced any adverse reactions to any medications in the past. If you experience any symptoms of drug poisoning, overdose or severe reaction please contact the Pharmacy Service at The Aga Khan University Hospital immediately. You can find the contact number of the Pharmacy Services in the ‘Important Numbers’ section on the website homepage.




The information provided on our website is for educational purposes and not intended to be a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. You should always seek the advice of your doctor or other healthcare professional provider.