Endometrial cancer is a cancer that starts in the uterus. It usually starts in the layer of cells that make up the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Endometrial cancer is often found and detected in its early stages, because it often results in abnormal vaginal bleeding. If detected early, a surgical procedure to remove the uterus often cures endometrial cancer.
If you are diagnosed with endometrial cancer, you will be offered a number of treatments to choose from.
Surgery is the most common choice amongst patients, in case the cancer has not spread outside the uterus
In case the cancer cells have spread, you can opt for radiation therapy. This treatment employs the use of high energy rays or particles that kill the cancer cells.
You will also be given the option to choose from hormone therapy for endometrial cancer. The therapy employs either the introduction of artificial hormones into the body which slowdown the growth of the cancerous endometrial cells. Hormone therapy may also use hormone-blocking drugs that disallow female hormones (oestrogen) from circulating in the body and thereby preventing the growth of the cancer cells.
If hormone therapy is ineffective, you can choose chemotherapy as a treatment for the cancer. This treatment employs the introduction of anti-cancer drugs either intravenously or orally. Chemotherapy is effective especially if the body has undergone metastasis.
© The Aga Khan University Hospital