The treatment for symptomatic epilepsy depends very much on the specific cause. If possible, the doctor will treat the underlying condition that may be causing the seizures. This may reduce or eliminate the seizures. Some types of symptomatic epilepsy also respond to anti-epileptic drugs, and surgery can have very good results in some cases.
Medical specialists working with the Mind and Brain Service Line at The Aga Khan University Hospital are equipped to provide comprehensive, state-of-the-art medical care, and discuss with you the measures being undertaken.
Partial seizures are usually treated with anti-epileptic drugs. The right course of treatment usually produces good seizure control in majority of partial seizure cases. AEDs (Antiepileptic Drugs) should be used carefully, with consideration to medication interactions and potential side effects including:
AEDs are available in a number of different forms, including tablets, capsules, liquids and syrups. It is important you follow any advice about when to take AEDs and how much to take. You should never stop taking your medication suddenly because doing so could cause a seizure. Your doctor will ask you to start with a low dose of an AED, and then gradually increase it within safe limits until your seizures stop. The aim is to achieve maximum seizure control with minimum side effects, using the lowest possible dose of a single medicine.
However, if a child has an obvious abnormality in the structure of her brain or if the seizures do not respond to anti-epileptic drugs after one or two years, he/she may be considered for surgery. This is only the case if removing the area of the brain where epileptic activity starts would not cause damage or disability. As with all types of surgery, this procedure carries a number of risks. This includes a risk of serious problems such as memory problems and strokes after the operation. However, majority of people who have epilepsy surgery become completely free of seizures depending on the cause.