The testing phase might begin with the standard procedure of conducting a physical examination followed by a compilation of your medical history. If your symptoms suggest AKI, your doctor may suggest a Urine test for revealing any abnormalities hinting at kidney failure. This might be followed by a Blood test aimed at determining blood cell count along with creatinine and urea levels. This information helps in measuring the kidney function.
Imaging tests might also be conducted to visually determine abnormalities in the shape, size, form and mass of your kidney along with the possible presence of cysts. These tests might include renal ultrasound, computerized tomography (CT) scan and general X-rays.
To determine possible causes of kidney failure, a urine test might be performed to measure the daily amount of urine excretion.
Very occasionally a kidney biopsy may be needed to workout what is causing AKI. This involves taking a very small sample of tissue from one kidney using a fine needle