The doctor may begin by assessing your medical history, performing a physical exam and running urine tests. This would help determine the presence of any cancerous cells in the urine.
Cystoscopy is usually recommended for a visual inspection of the bladder. The process involves inserting a long, thin, camera-fitted tube into the bladder for a visual inspection of the inner bladder linings.
Imaging tests might further be performed to obtain visual images of the bladder and kidney. These tests include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), ultrasound and computerized tomography (CT) scan. Finally, a biopsy of the bladder may be recommended for a confirmatory diagnosis. This would involve extracting sample tissues from your bladder during cystoscopy and sending them to the laboratory for analysis. This helps determine the presence of cellular changes responsible for cancerous growth.
Complete blood count (CBC): One or more parameters related to red blood cells, white blood cells and platelets might be affected in this condition. Therefore, it is an ancillary test in the diagnostic workup of this disease.
Bone marrow biopsy: It is done as staging workup if it is suspected that primary tumor (kidney or bladder) has also involved bone marrow.
Disclaimer: Kindly consult your physician before getting the above-mentioned tests.