The treatment of cataract depends on the extent of your vision impairment. If the cataract has been detected at the very beginning stages with minimal or no loss of vision, your doctor will advise a wait-and-see approach, whereby you will be asked to monitor your symptoms and schedule follow-up visits to help assess if the disease is progressing. It is important for you to go to these follow-up appointments to enable your eye doctor to monitor your cataracts.
In other cases, the following may be suggested:
Change in eye glass or contact lens prescription.
Use of anti-glare coatings on clear lenses.
Reading with more light.
In yet other cases where vision impairment starts affecting your normal daily activities, cataract surgery may be the recommended option. In this surgery, the natural affected lens of the eye is replaced with an artificial lens, which significantly helps improve vision. There is usually no rush to get this surgery done if cataracts are not harming the eye, so you must consider the risks and benefits before agreeing to the procedure. Make sure you discuss all concerns with your doctor.
Till the surgery, you may be advised to take certain at-home measures to manage symptoms of cataracts. These may include:
Wearing eye glasses and contact lenses with accurate prescription.
Use brighter light at home for reading.
Wearing sun glasses to reduce glare at day time.
Avoid driving at night.
For a safe and speedy cataract surgery recovery, follow these tips:
- Don't drive on the first day.
- Don't do any heavy lifting or strenuous activity for a few weeks.
- Avoid bending immediately after the procedure to prevent putting extra pressure on your eye.
- To reduce risk of infection, avoid tap water in the eye during the first week.
- Don't expose your eye to irritants such as makeup, grime, dust and wind during the first few weeks after surgery.
- Don’t rub your eyes.