Symptoms of ear pressure pain due to changes in altitude can be temporarily managed by swallowing, breathing with the mouth open or chewing gum. These measures open the Eustachian tube and allow air to flow out of the middle ear.
In case of increasing outside pressure, you should pinch your nose and close your mouth and try to breathe out gently through the back of the nose to help ease air pressure out of the Eustachian tube.
For people suffering from an infection or nasal congestion, ear pressure pain can be quite uncomfortable. If you have an infection or congestion, your doctor may advise you to take nasal decongestants or nose drops to help equalize pressure on the eardrums. In some cases, antibiotics and steroids may also be prescribed to clear up the problem, especially if the doctor identifies signs of pus inside the ear.
If your ear pressure pain has advanced to an infection or some other complication in the ear, you may be advised to make lifestyle changes till the symptoms have subsided. For example, you may be asked to limit traveling on an airplane or avoid diving while the symptoms persist.
Ruptures of the ear drum gradually heal up with the help of medications and proper treatment and care, taking up to two months to heal. In very rare cases, surgery may be needed to repair damaged eardrum and membranes inside the ear.