Hypertension in children can be treated with simple lifestyle changes such as consuming a healthy diet and exercising regularly, provided the blood pressure is moderately high. You would play an important role in keeping your child’s routine in check and making sure they follow the guidelines provided by the doctor.
Medications are generally prescribed if lifestyle changes fail to make an impact or your child suffers from increased hypertension. These medications help in:
Assisting your child’s kidneys in eliminating sodium and water, thus reducing blood pressure
Decreasing the load on your child’s heart, encouraging it to beat slowly and with less force
Relaxing your child’s blood vessels by blocking the formation of a natural chemical that narrows the blood vessels, thus reducing blood pressure
Assisting in relaxing the muscles of your child’s blood vessels and may slow their heart rate
The course of medication will depend on the length of the disease. Hypertension can be controlled by reducing weight if it is caused by obesity or by treating other underlying medical disorders that have hypertension as a symptom.