Most newborns with jaundice don't need treatment because the level of bilirubin in their blood is pretty low. In such cases, the baby’s condition usually improves within 10 to 14 days without causing any harm.
If your baby's jaundice doesn't improve over time or there is still a high level of bilirubin in their blood, they may be treated with phototherapy to reduce the risk of developing a serious condition called kernicterus, which is rare but can cause brain damage if it occurs.
Phototherapy is a process in which a bright light in shined on your baby. This increases the excretion of bilirubin from your baby’s blood.
In more extreme cases, an exchange transfusion may be recommended. In this process, small amount of your baby’s blood is replaced with healthy blood from a suitable donor.
If jaundice is caused by an underlying health problem, such as an infection, this needs to be treated in order to cure the jaundice.