Depending on the severity of the condition, your doctor will suggest a treatment plan.
Your doctor may prescribe your child pain relievers to help alleviate the pain. Amongst older people, kyphosis is one of the early signs of osteoporosis, and hence, your doctor will suggest medications for osteoporosis. He/she may also recommend supplements to strengthen the patient's bones.
To help correct the curvature, your doctor may suggest a body brace.
However, if all methods fail, your doctor will suggest surgery to correct the curvature or alignment of the spine. Usually surgery is the only effective treatment is to repair the abnormality in the vertebrae. This type of surgery is known as spinal fusion.
It is usually performed when the child is quite young in order to control and prevent the disease from getting worse. However, even if early surgery is performed, there may be some additional procedures required. Sometimes a spinal fusion requires autograft (using your child's own bone) or allograft (using someone else's bone) to fuse together the misshapen bones.