Your neonatologist working with the Children’s Hospital Service Line at The Aga Khan University Hospital can diagnose NEC by performing a physical examination and conducting various tests. A physical exam involves gently touching your baby’s abdomen to check for signs of swelling, pain and/or tenderness.
For further detailed analysis, your doctor will perform an abdominal X-ray which gives pictures of your baby’s intestine. Your doctor will be on the alert for signs of inflammation and damage. He/she can also check your baby’s stool can for blood, which is known as a stool guaiac test.
There are also some blood tests that can be useful to check for NEC. These include tests to measure your baby’s platelet levels and white blood cell counts; a low platelet level or a high white blood cell count can indicate NEC.
- Complete Bood count(CBC): One or more parameters related to red blood
cells, white blood cells and platelets might be affected in this condition, giving a clue towards etiology and further
diagnostic approach. Therefore, it is an ancillary test in the
diagnostic workup of this disease
Your baby’s doctor at The Aga Khan University Hospital may also check for intestinal fluid by inserting a needle into the abdominal cavity - this usually indicates that there’s a hole in the intestine.
Disclaimer: Kindly consult your physician before
getting the above-mentioned tests.