The time and extent of orthodontic treatment will depend on your age, the type and seriousness of the problem, and the form of treatment that is selected. Treatment can last from anywhere from 6 months to 2 or 3 years and typically involve visits every 4 to 7 weeks.
The primary means of treatment is braces, which slowly move teeth to a more desirable position by placing a constant, gentle force in a carefully controlled direction. Over the course of treatment, your orthodontist will adjust your braces (the bands, brackets, wires etc.), so as to improve the end result. Children often choose their favourite colour of rubber bands (elastics) to use with their braces, which is a fun way to make their experience more enjoyable.
You may be given the option to choose Aesthetic Braces treatment. It is a viable option for those that want to have healthy and aesthetically pleasing smiles without the treatment being too conspicuous. Braces that match the colour of your teeth, ceramic, lingual braces or clear aligners are now available, and these are the least visible and least noticeable forms of treatment. This form of treatment may not be appropriate for people requiring more extensive work, and therefore it is important to consult your orthodontist about your options.
Further orthodontic treatment or aftercare options include retainers, headgear or other special fixed appliances and fixed space maintainers.