​Ovarian Cyst

Ovaries are part of the female reproductive system responsible for producing mature eggs every month during a woman’s childbearing years. Ovarian cysts are sacs that sometimes form on or inside the ovaries.  These are very common, and most women have them at some point in their lives. These are usually symptom-less and go undetected, and get noticed only during pelvic examinations.

Most ovarian cysts form as part of the normal menstrual cycle and develop into cysts if they keep on expanding instead of rupturing as part of the cycle. These cysts are usually harmless, and shrink themselves, without treatment, within one or two months. However, they can cause serious problems if they twist, bleed or rupture. Ovarian cysts can also become cancerous in post-menopausal women.

Most ovarian cysts are symptom less, but in some cases, the following symptoms may be felt:

  • Dull pelvic pain which might radiate to back and thighs

  • Pelvic pain before or during periods

  • Painful intercourse

  • Painful bowel movements, or pressure on bowels

  • Frequent need for urination

  • Feeling of fullness or pressure in abdomen

  • Nausea, vomiting or breast tenderness

  • Changes in period cycle

  • Weight gain

  • Dizziness and weakness

  • Unusual vaginal ble​eding

The symptoms for ovarian cysts are common with other medical conditions, but if any of these are experienced, it is best to consult a Women’s Health Care Service​ physician at The Aga Khan University Hospital. While harmless in most cases, these cysts can create problems when there is danger of them being ruptured, or when the patient is in her post-menopausal phase.

Your time with your doctor may be limited, so make sure to prepare for your visit beforehand. Here​ are some tips to help get you started.

In the attempts to diagnose an ovarian cyst, your doctor may conduct an initial assessment through a pelvis exam. Considering all the factors at play in your situation, including your symptoms, age, medical history and physical findings, the health care provider may suggest further investigation. This may include blood tests and ultrasounds.

Since a majority of cysts disappear spontaneously over time, your doctor might simply suggest regular follow-up to monitor the cyst. Birth control pills are sometimes subscribed alongside, to minimize risk of more cysts. In cases where cysts are getting bigger, causing pain or are in danger of rupturing or turning cancerous, surgery may also be recommended.

The Aga Khan University Hospital offers various support services to help with managing or recovering from the disease or condition. These include but are not limited to nutrition, physiotherapy, rehabilitation, specialized clinics and some patient support groups. Your doctor or nurse will advise you accordingly.

The Aga Khan University Hospital offers financial assistance to those who are in need and fulfil the eligibility criteria. For further information, you can contact the Patient Welfare Department. You can find the contact number of the Patient Welfare Department in the ‘Important Numbers’ section on the website homepage.

The financial counselling staff is available during office hours, at the main PBSD (Patient Business Services Department), to answer your financial queries on treatments’ costs and authorize admissions on partial deposit as per hospital policies allow. The financial counsellor in the emergency room is open 24/7. You can find the contact number of the Patient Business Services in the ‘Important Numbers’ section on the website homepage. ​

Your doctor and or nurse will give you specific instructions about the prescribed medication. Please ensure that you take or use the prescribed medicine as advised. It can be dangerous to your health if you self-prescribe. Please inform the doctor or nurse beforehand if you have experienced any adverse reactions to any medications in the past. If you experience any symptoms of drug poisoning, overdose or severe reaction please contact the Pharmacy Service at The Aga Khan University Hospital immediately. You can find the contact number of the Pharmacy Services in the ‘Important Numbers’ section on the website homepage


​​The information provided on our website is for educational purposes and not intended to be a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. You should always seek the advice of your doctor or other healthcare professional provider.