There are both surgical and non-surgical methods of treatment for scoliosis in adolescents. The type of treatment that your doctor will recommend depends upon your child age and the severity of his or her disease.
If your child has a mild curvature, he will be recommended no treatment and will be put under observation with intermittent visits to the doctor for evaluation.
One of the available non-surgical methods of treatment is, wearing a brace. Although this is more of a preventative measure rather than a treatment method, it may help your child's condition from getting worse.
If the curve in your child spine is severe than he or she may require surgery to correct it. Surgery to correct scoliosis is known as spinal fusion. In this type of surgery your surgeon will attempt to realign the bones that make up the spine. Small pieces of bone are inserted into your child's spine and joined together with a metal rod until the bone fuses together.
In most cases surgery is quite successful and the curvature of your child spine is improved over time.