There are a number of treatment options available for soft tissue sarcoma. A suitable treatment will be selected for you depending on a number of factors, such as your age, the stage of the cancer (how much the cancer has spread) the grade (how aggressive the cancer is), the location of the tumour, and you and your doctors preferences.
Surgery is the most common treatment option for soft tissue sarcoma. The aim of surgery is to remove the cancer and maybe some healthy tissue that surrounds it as a preventative measure to ensure no cancer is left behind. If the soft tissue sarcoma progresses and has spread to other areas of your body (such as your lungs or other organs), it may be possible to remove these cancers surgically too. Sometimes chemotherapy, radiation treatment, or both are administered before your surgery. The purpose is to reduce the size of the tumour and to make it easier for it to be removed entirely. If the sarcoma has spread extensively, it will probably not be possible to cure sarcoma surgically. However, if the cancer is contained in a few spots it may be possible to remove the metastatic tumour, which could potentially cure patients or extend their long-term survival.
If the cancer has spread extensively to distant sites, and it is not possible to remove all of the sarcoma surgically, then it may be best not to have the surgery at all.