A number of specialists may have to get involved for the treatment of your spinal cord compression, depending on the cause, location and severity of the compression.
Conservative treatment methods will be tried to see if symptoms improve without any surgical procedure. In case conservative treatment methods do not produce any positive changes in your symptoms, surgical treatments may be necessary.
Conservative treatment methods include:
Anti-inflammatory and painkiller medications to relieve pain and swelling
Steroid injections to reduce swelling
Physical therapy exercises to strengthen your back, abdominal, and leg muscles
Braces to support your back or a cervical collar
Simple home remedies like an ice bag, heating pad, massage, or a long hot shower
In case the above methods do not help improve your symptoms, your neurologist may recommend surgery. Surgery will aim to reduce the compression on the spinal cord, for instance, by removing bone spurs from a broken vertebrae that could be putting pressure on your spinal cord, or by widening the space between the vertebrae to help release pressure from the spinal cord. In case of a tumour causing a compression, radiation therapy or chemotherapy may be prescribed to shrink the tumour.
You can help prevent injuries that cause spinal cord compression by maintaining a healthy weight and getting regular exercise. Lift objects properly may also decrease the likelihood of an injury, which can lead to a spinal cord compression.