Your treatment plan will depend on the cause of the thyroid nodules and their nature.
For benign nodules, your doctor may only recommend regular follow-up check-ups and thyroid function tests to watch your symptoms. If the nodule appears to be growing, however, further biopsy may be requested, or surgery may also be suggested for a benign nodule that has been growing.
In case your thyroid nodule is producing thyroxine, causing symptoms of hyperthyroidism, anti-thyroid medications and radioactive iodine may be used to help sub side the symptoms of hyperthyroidism. In case these methods do not work, surgery may be an option.
A thyroid nodule that has been diagnosed as being cancerous will have to be surgically removed, along with other thyroid tissue (near-total thyroidectomy). This is a critical procedure and you must discuss all associated risks and life-long treatment options post-surgery before surgery with your doctor.