In order to diagnose central cord syndrome, your doctor will first conduct a thorough physical evaluation to check your posture, examine areas where you are experiencing pain, and check your reflexes and movements. He or she will also take a complete medical history, including previous medications, if any, and a history and severity of all your child's symptoms.
As far as diagnostic procedures are concerned, the most commonly used procedure is magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI is a test that uses magnetic waves to take pictures of your child's brain and other organs. The MRI can be prenatal or after birth. In the latter case, to conduct an MRI, your child will be placed inside a special machine and the pictures can be saved and stored on a computer. Sometimes a special dye is injected into the bloodstream to enable doctors to see more clearly against the contrast.
Another commonly used method is a computerized tomography or CT scan. This is a quick, painless, non-invasive and accurate imaging procedure. Images produced during this test are stored on a computer so the doctor can see decide how to treat it, if necessary.