Besides a medical history which highlights that you are diabetic and the specific nature of your symptoms, a detailed eye exam will help diagnose diabetic retinopathy. An eye dilation exam is conducted, for which special drops to help your pupils dilate are used. This helps your doctor look inside your eye with the help of special instruments. The doctor will be able to identify abnormal blood vessels, signs of swelling, bleeding or any other symptoms within the eye specific to diabetic retinopathy.
Besides this, your vision may also be assessed with the help of an eye chart, tests to check your eye pressure to evaluate the possibility of glaucoma (tonometry), and tests for cataracts will also be conducted. Imaging tests to get cross-sectional images of the retina (Optical coherence tomography) will also be conducted, as well as tests using dyes to take images of the inside of your eyes (Fluorescein angiography)
If you have diabetic retinopathy, your doctor will recommend the most suitable treatment plan for you, depending on your symptoms and how far the disorder has advanced. You can be assured of receiving multidisciplinary care at The Aga Khan University Hospital for diagnosis and treatment of your diabetic retinopathy.