There are no medications to prevent dystonia or slow down the progression of the disease but there are several treatment options to ease some of the related symptoms including levodopa (sinemet) and muscle relaxants like tizanidien, baclofen, gabapentin and diazepam.
Early diagnosis and start of treatment for dystonia may improve your quality of life and alleviate some degree of disability. The first step is physical therapy to allow you to gain more control over the muscles in your affected areas. Overall, the goals of therapy should be directed at increasing movement, alleviating pain, preventing contractures, restoring functional abilities, and minimizing adverse effects from medical therapy.
Medication may also be beneficial, and according to research, a large number of patients improve with oral medication. However, there may be adverse side effects in some cases.
Another treatment option is injecting botulinum toxin (commonly known as Botox) into the affected area. It is injected directly into the muscle and works much in same way as oral medications do. The injections are not a treatment for the disease, but are a means to control its symptoms.
Another (rarely used) option is surgery. This is used only if you do not respond to any other type of treatment.
Once you start your treatment, the internationally trained doctors at the Mind and Brain Service Line at The Aga Khan University Hospital will treat you with utmost commitment and provide guidance along the way.