Phobias are usually treated with a combination of drugs and psychotherapy. Sometimes you may be prescribed anti-anxiety medications as well as anti-depressants, and sometimes even heart medications (such as beta blockers) that are used to control irregular heartbeats. Some of these medications may also cause side effects such as headache, nausea, or disturbed sleeping patterns. You need to discuss your symptoms and side effects with your doctor to find the right dosage for your particular case.
Psychotherapy or psychological counselling is another important method to treat phobias. Cognitive behavioural therapy is particularly useful and focuses on helping you identify your source of fear and helps you to replace those thoughts with more realistic, positive ways of thinking. It is often scary to have feelings of panic in these situations. These are not dangerous but can be disturbing and disrupt your everyday activities. It is important to be honest with your psychologist about your symptoms and medication so that he/she can help you with formulating the best course of action for your treatment.
Another kind of therapy known as desensitization or exposure therapy is based on helping you to change your response to the object or situation that you fear. Your doctor will gradually and repeatedly expose you to the cause of your phobia and help you learn to conquer your anxiety.