If you have mild symptoms for prostate enlargement, medication might suffice for treatment. Inhibitor drugs might be prescribed to shrink the prostate size, alpha blockers might be used to relax bladder muscles and further medications might be recommended for erectile dysfunction.
If medication does not prove effective and the symptoms become severe, surgical therapy might be advised. This can happen especially if you have urinary tract obstruction or bladder stones. Surgical therapy may include Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) where urethra blockage is removed via inserting special instruments in urethra. If surgery has the chance of endangering your health, an incision based procedure known as transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) might be used. This procedure widens the urethra by placing a few cuts on the prostate gland to relieve urine flow. Radio waves might also be used in a procedure called transurethral needle ablation (TUNA). By placing needles into your prostate and passing radio waves through them, this process destroys the enlarged sections of the prostate. Alternatively, if the prostates are small, microwave based transurethral microwave thermotherapy (TUMT) might be used. This therapy inserts electrodes in your urethra which then emit microwaves to destroy the inner part of the prostate gland.
A good alternative to most of the above treatment options is Laser therapy. It has fewer side effects and provides immediate relief. It basically involves projecting a high-energy laser on the overgrown area of the prostate, not only removing it in the process but also preventing its re-growth.