Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland. This gland is specific to men, surrounding the urethra (tube which expels the urine from the bladder outside the body) and is responsible for producing semen. The causes of inflammation are wide ranging, from bacterial infections and chronic pelvic pain syndrome to a physical injury.

While its age-wise prevalence among men is contested, most men observe it in one form or another at least once in a lifetime.​

Prostatitis manifests itself in the form of painful ejaculation, difficult urination, frequent episodes of urination and pain in the groin/pelvic area. Sometimes, prostatitis shows no symptoms and may become evident during the diagnosis of some other medical issue.

If you observe any of the symptoms listed above, consult your family doctor or the internationally acclaimed panel of physicians from the Kidney and Bladder Service Line at the Aga Khan University Hospital. It is important to get an accurate diagnosis for prostatitis as it later determines the type of treatment to be administered.
Your time with your doctor maybe limited, so make sure to prepare for your visit beforehand. Here are some tips to help get you started.​

Your doctor may begin with a set of preliminary tests aimed at gauging the progression of the disease. These might include bladder tests for determining your capacity to completely empty the bladder, urine tests for noticing any signs of infection, a blood culture and a digital rectal exam for physically examining the prostate.

Based on the results of these tests, your doctor may diagnose you with one of the following types of prostatitis:

  • Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis is benign and hardly produces any symptoms.

  • Chronic pelvic pain syndrome: This is the most common form of prostatitis. Its cause is not easily identifiable and its symptoms vary among patients.

  • Acute bacterial prostatitis: Acute bacterial prostatitis has a rare occurrence, but its onset is sudden and severe. It usually causes chills, vomiting and other flu-like symptoms, along with pelvic pain and urinary tract infection​.

  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis: This type of prostatitis occurs due to recurring infections and may lead to a prolonged prostatitis condition. This type of prostatitis is difficult to treat and should best be avoided.​

Your doctor would decide the treatment based on your type of prostatitis

  • Asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis: Although it does cause inflammation in the prostate, this type of prostatitis does not require treatment.

  • Chronic pelvic pain syndrome: You may be prescribed medications for the duration of the infection along with muscle relaxants, prostate massages and hot baths.

  • Acute bacterial prostatitis: If acute bacterial prostatitis is low in severity, medications and a good amount of fluids might be sufficient. However, in severe cases, hospitalization might be required. It should be noted that this type of prostatitis should be treated immediately as it might lead to bacteria in the blood and prove fatal.

  • Chronic bacterial prostatitis: Since this is a recurring infection, you may need to take prescribed medications for an extended period of time (more than three months). In severe cases, a surgery might be required to remove part or all of the prostrate.

The Aga Khan University Hospital offers various support services to help with managing or recovering from the disease or condition. These include but are not limited to nutrition, physiotherapy, rehabilitation, specialized clinics and some patient support groups. Your doctor or nurse will advise you accordingly.
The Aga Khan University Hospital offers financial assistance to those who are in need and fulfil the eligibility criteria. For further information, you can contact the Patient Welfare Department. You can find the contact number of the Patient Welfare Department in the 'Important Numbers' section on the website homepage.
The financial counselling staff is available during office hours, at the main PBSD (Patient Business Services Department), to answer your financial queries on treatments' costs and authorize admissions on partial deposit as per hospital policies allow. The financial counsellor in the emergency room is open 24/7. You can find the contact number of the Patient Business Services in the 'Important Numbers' section on the website homepage.
Your doctor and or nurse will give you specific instructions about the prescribed medication. Please ensure that you take or use the prescribed medicine as advised. It can be dangerous to your health if you self-prescribe. Please inform the doctor or nurse beforehand if you have experienced any adverse reactions to any medications in the past. If you experience any symptoms of drug poisoning, overdose or severe reaction please contact the Pharmacy Service at The Aga Khan University Hospital immediately. You can find the contact number of the Pharmacy Services in the 'Important Numbers' section on the website homepage.

The information provided on our website is for educational purposes and not intended to be a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. You should always seek the advice of your doctor or other healthcare professional provider.