As ductal carcinoma is the earliest form of breast cancer, it has great chances of being contained and removed. A number of options are available for the treatment of ductal carcinoma and your doctor may recommend any one of these following procedures:
Lumpectomy – this involves removal of the affected tissue from your breast along with a certain portion of healthy tissue. Subsequently radiation therapy is also performed to ensure that the tumour does not reoccur.
Mastectomy – another form of surgery, this removes not only the affected tissue and some normal tissue around it, but also the skin, areola, nipple and the underarm lymph nodes. Due to the success of lumpectomy, this procedure is being performed less and less.
For invasive ductal carcinoma, additionally the following treatments may be undertaken:
Breast reconstruction – this is surgical procedure to reconstruct and improve the appearance of your breast following a lumpectomy.
Radiation – this form of treatment used powerful energy sources, such as X-rays, in order to shrink large tumours prior to surgery, to eliminate cancer cells that may still remain following surgery, or in order to reduce the symptoms of cancer. This is usually used on patients who have undergone a lumpectomy surgery.
Chemotherapy – this involves administering drugs, either taken orally in the form of pills or injected directly into your bloodstream, with aim to destroy cancerous cells.
Hormonal therapy – this form of treatment is taken in the form of an oral pill which is either a form of selective oestrogen receptor modulator (SERM) or an aromatase inhibitor (AI). These help to block the ability of your oestrogen to reach cancerous cells which thus inhibits the growth of breast cancer cells in your body.
Biologic therapy – biologic targeted therapy or targeted therapy are drugs which are taken in order to alter the behaviour of breast cancer cells.