There are multiple treatment options available for penile cancer.
One of the most widely known options is chemotherapy. It involves stopping the growth of cancerous cells via drugs. The drug is administered in different ways depending on the stage of cancer being dealt with. Oral intake or direct injection in the vein leads to the drug spreading throughout the body. Administering the drug to a specific location treats cancerous growth in that particular area. The former procedure is called systemic chemotherapy, whereas the latter is known as regional chemotherapy.
Another form of therapy makes use of high energy X-rays and radiation to kill cancer cells. If the radiation is targeted on the body from an external machine, the process is called external radiation therapy. Alternatively, internal radiation therapy can also be used by implanting radioactive needles or catheters in the affected region.
Penile cancer can also be treated surgically to physically remove the overgrowth. Cryosurgery is one such procedure where the affected tissue is destructed by the process of freezing. Another procedure makes use of lasers to make incisions in the penile area to remove the tumour. Mohs microsurgery is a process where the tumour is cut down in successive layers until no more cancerous layers exist.
In extreme cases a partial or total penectomy may need to be performed for removing part or the entirety of the penis.
In certain cases, your doctor may suggest chemotherapy or radiation treatment even after the removal of the cancer. This treatment is necessary if your doctor feels there is a possibility of cancer revival.