Because the symptoms of spondylosis are similar to those of other disorders, a careful diagnosis needs to be made. The process of diagnosing your spondylosis will begin with a detailed medical history in which your doctor will note down your symptoms, including signs of any pain and numbness.
Subsequently, a physical examination will be conducted, in which your doctor will test your reflexes, check for muscle weakness or sensory deficits, and test the range of motion of your neck. You may also be asked to walk or carry out a range of motions, such as moving your arms or legs, bending or sitting down.
In case your doctor suspects that you may have spondylosis, further diagnostic tests will be ordered to confirm the diagnosis, such as:
X-rays to check for bone spurs
Computed tomography (CT) scan and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to help produce detailed images of the bones of your spine and locate any pinched nerves
Electromyogram (EMG) to evaluate your nerves’ electrical activity
A nerve conduction study to check the speed and strength of the signals your nerves send