Your doctor might begin with a physical exam followed by some urine and blood tests. These would help determine the presence of red blood cells in the urine, along with any excess of protein or waste products in the blood.
Imaging tests of the urinary tract might follow in the form of ultrasound, Computed Tomography (CT) scan and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). These tests yield detailed imagery and help determine abnormalities in the shape, size, form and mass of the kidney-bladder region.
In case your doctor finds these tests inconclusive, he may further prescribe a cystoscopy. This would provide a live video feed of the inner linings of your bladder and urethra, thus visually helping determine any abnormalities in the region.
In case all tests fail, your doctor may prescribe follow-up tests on a regular basis.